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Greatest Minds and Ideas of the Western World

Website Created By Phil Norfleet

Home Philosophers Scientists Mathematicians Greatest Ideas 6th Century BC

 

The Nine Greatest Scientists

This page presents summary biographical information for each of the nine scientists selected.   The scientists are addressed in chronological order and are each linked to a recommended academic web page that offers additional biographical information.

 

1.  Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician and Physicist

Nationality:  English

Place of Birth:  Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England

Most important Writing:  Principia (1687)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 2.  Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875)

 

Academic Profession:  Geologist

Nationality:  Scottish

Place of Birth:   Kirriemuir, County Angus, Scotland

Most important Writing:  Principles of Geology (1833)

Recommended Web Page:  Bartleby.com

 

 

3.  Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)

 

Academic Profession:  Biologist

Nationality:  English

Place of Birth:   Shrewsbury, England

Most important Writing:  On the Origin of Species (1859)

Recommended Web Page:  Coe College, Iowa

 

 

4.  James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879)

 

Academic Profession:  Physicist

Nationality:  Scottish

Place of Birth:   Edinburgh, Scotland

Most important Writing:  Electricity and Magnetism (1873)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 

5.  Ludwig Boltzman (1844-1906)

 

Academic Profession:  Physicist

Nationality:  Austrian

Place of Birth:   Vienna, Austria

Most important Writing:  Principles of Mechanics (1897)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 

 6.  Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

 

Academic Profession:  Physicist

Nationality:  German

Place of Birth:   Ulm, Württemberg, Germany

Most important Writing:  The Field Equations of Gravitation (1915)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 

7.  Edwin Powell Hubble (1889-1953)

 

Academic Profession:  Astronomer

Nationality:  United States

Place of Birth:   Marshfield, Missouri, U. S. A.

Most important Writing:  A Relation Between Distance and Radial Velocity Among Extra-Galactic Nebulae (1929)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 

8.  Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

 

Academic Profession:  Physicist

Nationality:  German

Place of Birth:   Würzburg, Germany

Most important Writing:  Physical Principles of Quantum Theory (1928)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 

 9.  Edward Witten (b. 1951)

 

Academic Profession:  Physicist and Mathematician

Nationality:  United States

Place of Birth:   Baltimore, Maryland, U. S. A.

Most important Writing:  Reflections on the Fate of Spacetime (1996)

Recommended Web Page:  Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University