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Greatest Minds and Ideas of the Western World

Website Created By Phil Norfleet

Home Philosophers Scientists Mathematicians Greatest Ideas 6th Century BC

 

The Nine Greatest Mathematicians

This page presents summary biographical information for each of the nine mathematicians selected.   The mathematicians are discussed in chronological order and are each linked to a recommended academic web page that offers additional biographical information. 

 

1.  Archimedes (287-212 B. C.)

Academic Profession:  Mathematician and Physicist

Nationality:  Greek

Place of Birth:  Ancient Syracuse, Sicily

Most important Extant Writing:  The Method

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 2.  Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician and Physicist

Nationality:  English

Place of Birth:  Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England

Most important Writing:  Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 3.  Leonhard Euler (1707-1783)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  Swiss

Place of Birth:  Basel, Switzerland

Most important Writing:  Methodus Inveniendi Lineas Curvas (1740)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 4. Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  German

Place of Birth:  Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick (now Germany)

Most important Writing:  Disquisitiones Arithmeticae (1801)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 5.  Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (1826-1866)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  German

Place of Birth:  Breselenz, Hanover (now Germany)

Most important Writing:  Theory of Abelian Functions (1857)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

6.  Jules Henri Poincaré (1854-1912)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  French

Place of Birth:  Nancy, Lorraine, France

Most important Writing:  Analysis Situs (1895)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

 7.  John von Neumann (1903-1957)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  Hungarian

Place of Birth:  Budapest, Hungary

Most important Writing:   Theory of Games and Economic Behaviour (1944)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

8.   Kurt Gödel (1906-1978)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  Austrian

Place of Birth:  Brünn, Austria-Hungary (now in Czech Republic)

Most important Writing:  Über Formal Unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und Verwandter Systeme (1931)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland

 

9.  Alan Mathison Turing (1913-1954)

 

Academic Profession:  Mathematician

Nationality:  English

Place of Birth:  London, England

Most important Writing:   On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem  (1936)

Recommended Web Page:  University of St. Andrews, Scotland